This french national heroine and saint of Roman Catholic Church gained her renown during the Hundred Years' War with England.
Since then, she has been the subject of countless works of art and over 100 plays, the most famous of which are by J. C. Friedrich von Schiller (1801) and George Bernard Shaw (1923).
Joan was an illiterate but pious peasant girl who began having religious visions and hearing the voices of saints at age 13. When she was 17, these voices convinced her that her calling was to restore national unity to France by driving the English away and seeing that the dauphin (the eldest son of a king) Charles (1403-1416) was crowned king at Reims, where all French kings were crowned.
Although in southern France Charles was recognized as ruler, the English and the Burgundians (French citizens in favor of the British) controlled Paris and northern France, where Reims was located.
When Joan appeared in his court with her strange story, Charles, although broke and desperate, tested her. He let a noble sit on his throne, but Joan saw through the deception. After Joan told him what he asked from GOD when he prayed alone, Charles gave her a suit of armor and some troops and sent her to the besieged Orleans.
Once she got there, Joan led a series of skillful assaults that made the British flee in about a week. The English were so fear struck by her presence that an English proclamation was issued against those that deserted their cause "for fear of the mayde".
While she was wounded several times, Joan later claimed to have killed no one.
After recovering several occupied towns on the way to Reims, Joan stood by during the 1429 coronation of King Charles VII.
While trying to recapture Paris, she was taken prisoner by the Burgandians, who delivered her to the English for 16,000 francs.
After an unfair trial in Rouen in which she was pronounced a heretic (a religious disbeliever), Joan was burned alive at the stake before a huge crowd.
Her courageous behaviour there made many of them fear that they'd just seen a saint martyred.
In 1455, her Trial of Rehabilitation proclaimed her sentence void, and a statue of her was erected on the site on which she had died.
She was declared a saint by Pope Benedict XV in 1920, and the day of her death, May 30th, became her feast day.
Why is that we, people dont have space for those who turned differently from the whole comunity?
Why we, people can't just let them go and make a room besides us for them as well?
Why we, people always have to kill them or crush them ?
Is it just because we, people don't like different or someone who can think better than us ?
It seems that their presence somehow blocked all of us, peoples' breath and thats why we have to remove them from our lives.
hmmm......its all the same story since human origin. We make mistakes and kill inocents. After we realize we did it mistakenly we made a statue and settle that in the middle of our cities.
برگ زرد یا سیب سرخ - درخت سے بچھڑتے دونوں ہی ہیں لیکن پتہ وقت کے ساتھ اپنے زوال کی انتہا کو پہنچ کر گرتا ہے اور پھل اپنے کمال کی انتہا کو پہنچ کر۔۔۔ اب یہ تم پر ہے کہ تمہیں برگِ ...
1 week ago